Content Review: Physics Classroom Physics Hypertextbook
Uniform & Accelerated Motion Velocity-Time Graphs
Mission 1: Speed Demon
Mission Objectives: You should be able to...
1. Define "acceleration" in your own words.
2. Calculate acceleration given position & time graphs
3. Draw and interpret an acceleration-time graph
4. Use the motion equations in problem solving.
Let's backtrack for a few minutes. I forgot to talk about displacement. Basically, distance is a scalar quantity that describes movement between locations over an actual path connecting them. Displacement is a vector quantity that describes movement between locations over the shortest path connecting them.
Take a look at these practice problems. Try to solve them before checking your answers.
I introduced the concept of acceleration last Wednesday, but we're really going to get into it this week as part of your prep for the Hot Wheels lab.
Before we do that, let's watch this clip from the movie Armageddon.
For the record, NASA went metric back in 1990 (this movie came out in 1998). Convert 22,500 mph into kilometers per hour. What do you get?
Also, for the record, they shouldn't be able to breathe at that speed, much less scream. The immense G forces over that length of time should crush their lungs to the point where they can do little more than gasp for air and likely pass out. The maneuver would very likely kill them. However, this was a totally fun movie (in spite of the crap science) and I had a blast watching it in the theater.
Now, let's get into the actual science of acceleration.
You'll start preparing for your first motion quiz (May 2) by completing the below assignment.
1. If the line slopes away from the x- (or time) axis, it is gaining speed; if it slopes towards the x- (or time) axis, it is losing speed.
2. If the velocity-time graph lies in the 4th quadrant, then the object is losing or gaining speed in a negative direction.
gaining speed (+) in a positive (+) direction + acceleration
gaining speed (+) in a negative (-) direction - acceleration
losing speed (-) in a positive (+) direction - acceleration
losing speed (-) in a negative (-) direction + acceleration
You are given the following data. Do the following: (1) Calculate velocity and acceleration. (2) Graph position, velocity, and time. (3) Describe the velocity and acceleration graphs in terms of gaining/losing speed and +/- direction. Make sure each graph has a title and labeled axes with units. Remember that you must have three separate graphs.
Use Excel to do the calculations and graphs. Put everything in one document and upload it to Managebac under "Motion Practice Problem."
After you have uploaded your work, go ahead and work on your race track.